Type species of the genus first by chronological order and alphabetical order , with last listed misapplied names in a light gray font. All have similar body shapes, most notably large thick lips and a suctorial mouth. In contrast to their undeserved reputation as "trash" fish, they prefer clean, unpolluted waters and some species are often found with trout. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference. But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. I found evidence that gene choice, base compositional heterogeneity, and rate heterogeneity provide challenges to reconstructing the evolutionary history of the order and I found that body size is correlated with the rate of molecular evolution not only in Cypriniformes but in many groups of fishes. The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist. Because of their abundance and size, they may account for much of the fish biomass in rivers and streams.
The CofF version currently used is the one published on Ref. Suckers are mostly solitary, sedentary fish, strongly oriented to a bottom existence. They make mass upstream spawning migrations in the early Spring. Their greatest value is a link in the food chain, eating primary consumers and serving as prey for sport fish. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference. Thesis or Dissertation Abstract Morphological diversity is shaped by past evolutionary history, function, and ontogeny. In contrast to their undeserved reputation as "trash" fish, they prefer clean, unpolluted waters and some species are often found with trout. The list ordered as follows: Type species of the genus first by chronological order and alphabetical order , with last listed misapplied names in a light gray font. Gill rakers are just one component of the complex trophic apparatus of suckers. Morphology is shaped by function through selection and function can be constrained by morphology. Eggs are adhesive, sink and stick to bottom gravel. When subfamilies are recognized, nominotypical subfamily first then other subfamilies by alphabetical order. They are frequently found in pools and shoreline areas of lakes. But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. Evolutionary history plays an important role in shaping morphological diversity and morphology itself can affect the future evolutionary trajectory of taxa. Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. I described and compared the sequence of chondrification and ossification of the paired elements of the pharyngeal arches and the histological development of the palatal organ, chewing pad, and pharyngeal teeth in five species of suckers and found several examples where heterochrony has shaped the trophic morphology of suckers. Suckers feed by "vacuuming up" invertebrates and clams on river bottoms, and do not thrive in heavily silted or anaerobic river bottoms. Type genus of the family first or of subfamily when subfamilies are recognized then other genera by chronological order of description and alphabetical order. Differences among taxa in their morphology arise due to changes in the pattern of development in those taxa. Therefore, a full understanding of morphological diversity requires knowledge about evolutionary history, morphological function, and ontogeny. They are sometimes reared and sold as bait fish for large sport fish such as pike and muskie. Suckers, family Catostomidae, are a group of freshwater fish with interesting trophic morphology and feeding habits. Should not be in CofF.
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