Your doctor may order tests that assess levels of growth hormone or other hormones that are critical for childhood growth and development. Treat your child according to his or her age and developmental level, and not size. Estrogen replacement therapy usually continues throughout life until women with Turner syndrome reach the average age of menopause. Talk to teachers and administrators to make sure your child is getting the support he or she needs. Along with achondroplasia and diastrophic dysplasia, it is one of the more common types of dwarfism. A person who has dwarfism is typically of normal intelligence. Can you suggest educational materials and local support services for dwarfism? Something as simple as a light switch extender and a well-placed step stool can give a short-statured child a sense of independence around the house. Specialists in your care team may include:
You only need one mutated gene — from either parent — to have the disorder. There are 2 main types of restricted growth: The most common causes include: If your child is with you, this approach shows that you notice all the other qualities that make him or her unique and, importantly, that his or her dwarfism doesn't cause you any anger. Begin healthy-eating habits early to avoid later problems with weight gain. Metabolic or hormonal disorders typically cause proportionate dwarfism, meaning a person's arms, legs, and trunk are all shortened but remain in proportion to overall body size. Avoid infant devices — such as swings, umbrella strollers, carrying slings, jumper seats and backpack carriers — that don't support the neck or that curve the back into a C shape. Hypothyroidism An underactive thyroid , especially if it develops at a young age, can lead to many health problems, including limited growth. Because of the range of symptoms and complications, treatments are tailored to address problems as they occur, such as assessment and treatment for ear infections, spinal stenosis or sleep apnea. Some individuals may need lifelong therapy. Little people go to school, go to work, drive cars, marry, and raise children, just like their average-size peers. This can be due to abnormally small bone anatomy or because of airway obstruction by the adenoids or the tonsils. Occasionally, a part of the brain or spinal cord is compressed. The most common complications associated with disproportionate dwarfism are: By far, the most common skeletal dysplasia is achondroplasia, a short-limb dwarfism that happens in about 1 of every 15, to 40, babies born of all races and ethnicities. This is the most common cause of dwarfism. The nonprofit organization Little People of America provides social support, information about disorders, advocacy opportunities and resources. Making a tentative prenatal diagnosis while the baby is still in the womb can be done with an ultrasound. The other is dominant. When will we learn the results of the tests? People with short-trunk dwarfism have a shortened trunk with more average-sized limbs, whereas those with short-limb dwarfism have an average-sized trunk but shortened arms and legs. Depending on the type of condition causing the short stature, it is possible for two average-size parents to have a child with short stature, and is also possible for parents who are little people to have an average-size child. How is dwarfism diagnosed? Specialists in your care team may include: In those instances, the doctor makes a diagnosis based on the baby's appearance, growth pattern, and X-rays of the bones. Males, by comparison, have an X chromosome and a Y chromosome.
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