During the Civil Rights Movement of the s and s, the local schools were slow to integrate, but they finally did so without violence. Graves County made national news in September for jailing several Amish men who refused to use orange safety triangles on their buggies for religious reasons. Two other black men were fatally shot soon after. Beginning with the founding of the Mayfield Woolen Mills in , manufacturing clothing became the main industry in Mayfield for the next hundred years. Later in the year, a ballot measure was proposed and passed within the city limits of Mayfield the county seat to allow alcohol sales in stores and gas stations. In the early 20th century, Graves was one of the counties involved in the Black Patch Tobacco Wars , as white farmers organized in the western region to resist monopoly pricing by the American Tobacco Company. Whites also burned four houses of African Americans. They put down roots and created a unique political, economic, and social environment.
Mayfield was established as the county seat of Graves County in , and the county was formally organized in According to Trabue Davis, the town's name originates indirectly from a gambler named Mayfield, who was kidnapped about at a racetrack near what is now Hickman. The fertile land attracted early settlers from Virginia , North Carolina , South Carolina and Tennessee , who brought with them education, culture, and a fierce determination to succeed. Surviving records do show that the convention adopted resolutions condemning President Abraham Lincoln for "waging a bloody and cruel war" against the South, urging Gov. Wooldridge from until Wooldridge's death on May 30, , to commemorate family members and other loved ones. During the post-Reconstruction period, racial violence by whites against blacks continued in Graves County; they exercised terrorism to re-establish and maintain white supremacy. Geography[ edit ] According to the U. In December , Anderson was appointed county court clerk and moved about two and a half miles to the site that became Mayfield. They also condemned the Federal government for providing "Lincoln guns" to Union sympathizers in eastern Kentucky. Graves County developed the dark-fired and dark-air-cured leaf tobacco used in smokeless tobacco farming. Beginning with the founding of the Mayfield Woolen Mills in , manufacturing clothing became the main industry in Mayfield for the next hundred years. Three were killed on December 23 in the so-called Mayfield Race War. Graves County was a "limited" dry county , meaning that sale of alcohol in the county is prohibited except for wine and beer in restaurants. Graves is one of Kentucky's largest counties. He tried to escape, but drowned trying to cross what is now called Mayfield Creek. In the early 20th century, Graves was one of the counties involved in the Black Patch Tobacco Wars , as white farmers organized in the western region to resist monopoly pricing by the American Tobacco Company. The county seat's minor league baseball team was named the Mayfield Clothiers for this historical connection. In one week in late December , four black men were lynched in Mayfield. Access is from Exits 21 through Beriah Magoffin to resist Union forces, and praising him for refusing to answer Lincoln's demand for soldiers. The Old Order Swartzentruber Amish used reflective tape instead. History[ edit ] Mayfield is in the center of the Jackson Purchase , an eight-county region purchased by Isaac Shelby and Andrew Jackson from the Chickasaw people in In the Kentucky governor sent state militia into the area to suppress violence, after tobacco warehouses and other properties, including tons of tobacco, were being destroyed. He disappeared while being forced by the Potawatomi , allies of the British, to walk to the British Fort Malden in Amherstburg, Ontario. History[ edit ] Graves County was named for Capt.
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