They like giving things away. Fixation and conflict may prevent this with the consequence that sexual perversions may develop. Freud stressed that the first five years of life are crucial to the formation of adult personality. Hence the boy develops castration anxiety. Oedipus Complex The most important aspect of the phallic stage is the Oedipus complex. Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development.
The psychological difference between the phallic and genital stages is that the ego is established in the latter; the person's concern shifts from primary-drive gratification instinct to applying secondary process-thinking to gratify desire symbolically and intellectually by means of friendships, a love relationship, family and adult responsibilities. The ego and superego develop in order to exercise this control and direct the need for gratification into socially acceptable channels. The child becomes aware of anatomical sex differences, which sets in motion the conflict between erotic attraction, resentment, rivalry, jealousy and fear which Freud called the Oedipus complex in boys and the Electra complex in girls. Phallic Stage 3 to 5 or 6 years Sensitivity now becomes concentrated in the genitals and masturbation in both sexes becomes a new source of pleasure. The libido is dormant. It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood. In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically. In Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy , the case study of the boy " Little Hans " Herbert Graf, —73 who was afflicted with equinophobia , the relation between Hans's fears - of horses and of father - derived from external factors such as the birth of his sister, and internal factors like the desire of the infantile id to replace father as companion to mother, as well as guilt for enjoying the masturbation normal to a boy of his age. In both sexes, defense mechanisms provide transitory resolutions of the conflict between the drives of the Id and the drives of the Ego. The boy focuses his libido sexual desire upon his mother, and focuses jealousy and emotional rivalry against his father — because it is he who sleeps with mother. The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority. Freud offered the Little Hans case study as evidence of the Oedipus complex. The Role of Conflict Each of the psychosexual stages is associated with a particular conflict that must be resolved before the individual can successfully advance to the next stage. Yet, weaning increases the infant's self-awareness that he or she does not control the environment, and thus learns of delayed gratification , which leads to the formation of the capacities for independence awareness of the limits of the self and trust behaviors leading to gratification. Fixation refers to the theoretical notion that a portion of the individual's libido has been permanently 'invested' in a particular stage of his development. Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnon , by Frederic Leighton , c. Hence the boy develops castration anxiety. As a result, the girl redirects her desire for sexual union upon father; thus, she progresses towards heterosexual femininity that culminates in bearing a child who replaces the absent penis. The child is now fully aware that they are a person in their own right and that their wishes can bring them into conflict with the demands of the outside world i. As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zones , pleasure or both. Both frustration and overindulgence or any combination of the two may lead to what psychoanalysts call fixation at a particular psychosexual stage. If they are highly successful in winning the battle resolving the conflict , then most of the troops libido will be able to move on to the next battle stage. To integrate the female libido sexual desire to psychosexual development, he proposed that girls develop " penis envy ". In adulthood, the anal expulsive is the person who wants to share things with you. This is resolved through the process of identification, which involves the child adopting the characteristics of the same sex parent. As in the phallic stage, the genital stage is centered upon the genitalia, but the sexuality is consensual and adult, rather than solitary and infantile.
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